Dogs in the legends and myths of the peoples of the world
No one knows exactly when the dogs made friends with people. It is only known that when a person became aware of himself as a person, the dog was already next to him.
In ancient Egypt, these tetrapods were held in high esteem. They were the darlings of the family, and when they died, the whole family was immersed in deep mourning.
Initially, dogs were considered local deities - according to legend, several Egyptian genera came from them. Later, the god Anubis appeared, the patron saint of the dead, escorting the souls of the deceased to the court. He was portrayed with the head of a dog.
The Egyptians noticed that before the flood of the Nile, a bright star lights up in the sky. With her appearance, she warned of an upcoming event. The Egyptians drew a parallel between a spill warning star and a dog barking announcing someone’s appearance. Therefore, the star was called Sirius, and the dog was made a sacred symbol of vigilance.
In ancient Greek mythology, Cerberus, the three-headed dog, guards the entrance to the kingdom of Hades and does not allow the souls of the dead to return to the world of the living.
Dogs were also accompanied by Artemis (the goddess of fertility, the patroness of hunting and animals), Hermes (the patron saint of shepherds, and later - commerce and travelers), Hecate (the goddess of magic and darkness).
Nobody recognized Odysseus who returned from long wanderings. In addition to the old faithful dog Argus, who had been waiting for the owner for twenty years.
The Greeks even created a philosophical school of “cynics” (“cynics”), that is, “dogs”. Its representatives proclaimed freedom of the individual, and cited stray dogs as an example.
According to one version, it was the dog that fed the king of Persia Cyrus.
Dogs were totems of some Native American tribes. There is a legend that one of these dogs died protecting the tribe from the giant.
Two chapters of the Avesta scripture are dedicated to dogs. There is such a phrase there: "The world keeps the mind of the dog." It was believed that dogs, the purest animals, have mysterious power and are able to defeat the dark deity Anhra Mainyu. Therefore, these animals were forbidden to kill.
In the list of totems of ancient Scythians, the first place belonged to the symbols of military victories, and the second to the dog, the sacred animal.
It is easy to see that dogs have always occupied a special place in our lives. No wonder they say that it was they who brought the person to the people.