Breed Standard Caucasian Shepherd FCI
The official description of the Caucasian Shepherd is reflected in the breed standard.
Security guard dog
Group 2. Pinschers, schnauzers, molosses, mountain and Swiss cattle dogs.
Without working trials.
In the photo: Caucasian shepherd at the exhibition. Photo: wikimedia.org
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a breed originating from the ancient dogs of the Caucasus. Distribution area - territories adjacent to the Caucasian ridge, as well as steppe regions of southern Russia.
The formation of the breed occurred not only as a result of natural selection, but also under the influence of the national traditions of the peoples of the Caucasus.
Historically, Caucasian shepherds have been used to protect herds and dwellings from predators and aggressors. The first mention of the use of large dog-shaped dogs by the troops of the Armenian king Tigran II dates back to the 1st century BC. e.
Breeding work with the breed began in the USSR in the late 1920s. In the process of selection, physical strength, confidence and fearlessness, acutely developed hearing, good eyesight, and the presence of a thick, impervious to rain coat, were always cultivated as mandatory qualities.
All these qualities, as well as endurance, allow people to use the Caucasian Shepherd in different climatic conditions, including the most severe ones.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a harmoniously built, large, strong dog with a massive skeleton, voluminous muscles of a slightly stretched format.
Sexual type is well defined. Dogs are muscular, with well-developed withers and larger heads compared to females. They are also more massive and shorter than bitches.
Dogs with long hair for dogs are characterized by the presence of a pronounced "mane".
- the length of the body exceeds the height at the withers by 3 - 8%.
- the length of the forelimbs to the elbow is 50 - 52% of the height of the dog at the withers.
- the ratio of the length of the skull to the length of the muzzle is approximately 3: 2.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT
Behavior is balanced, active, confident, fearless, independent. The Caucasian Shepherd is devoted to its owner, has excellent security qualities and an innate distrust of strangers.
The head is large, massive, wide in the cheekbones. Seen from above, it looks like a dull wedge with a wide base.
Skull: Massive and wide forehead almost flat, separated by a shallow longitudinal groove. The superciliary arches are noticeable, but not prominent. The occipital protuberance is not protruding.
Stop: The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is noticeable, but not pronounced.
Nose: black, large, with moderately open nostrils, not protruding beyond the contours of the muzzle. For spotted and pinto dogs, a black nose is desirable but not required (but a genetically blue or liver brown nose is not allowed).
Muzzle: broad and deep, gradually tapering to the nose, with massive jaws and a chin with a wide nose bridge, well filled under the eyes. The back of the nose is wide. The upper line of the muzzle is parallel to the plane of the forehead.
Lips: Thick, dry, well pigmented.
Jaws / teeth: teeth must be healthy, white incisors fit snugly together, the base of the incisors are in line. Scissor bite or straight (set of 42 teeth).
The presence of broken or knocked out incisors and fangs that do not interfere with the definition of a bite does not affect the dog's assessment. For the absence of one or two first premolars (PM1s), the score is not reduced.
Cheeks: Zygomatic arches are well developed, which is emphasized by pronounced, prominent masticatory muscles.
Eyes: Small, oval, not too deep set, wide and oblique. Color - various shades of brown from dark to hazel. The eyelids are black, dry, tight-fitting. The expression of the eyes is serious, attentive, evaluating.
Ears: Small, thick, hanging on the cartilage, triangular in shape, high and wide set. The inner part of the ear fits snugly to the skull. Ears are traditionally cropped in the country of origin. Uncropped ears are allowed.
Medium length, powerful, low set in round section. The scruff is well defined, especially in males.
Very well developed in all dimensions broad, muscular and well balanced.
Withers: Well defined, medium length. The height at the withers slightly exceeds the height at the sacrum.
Back: straight, wide, strong.
Loin: short, wide, slightly convex.
Croup: moderately long, wide, rounded, with a slight slope to the base of the tail.
Chest: long, wide, well developed, deep both in general and in front of the section has the shape of a wide oval. Ribs are rounded, false ribs are long. Forbrust expressed.
Bottom line and abdomen: abdomen moderately taut.
High set, has the shape of a sickle or ring. In a calm state, lowered and reaching to the hock joint in an excited rises above the line of the back.
General view: muscular. Seen from the front, parallel to each other, widely set.
Shoulder: well muscled. Of moderate length, wide, the angle of the shoulder-scapular joint is about 100. The humerus is tightly pressed to the chest.
Shoulder: Strong, muscular.
Elbow: Placed strictly back parallel to the axis are not turned inward.
Forearm: Straight, massive, moderately long, muscular, rounded in cross section.
Metacarpus (Metacarpus): Short, massive, almost straight when viewed from the front and side.
Feet: Large, rounded, arched, in a lump
General view: Seen from the rear, straight, parallel to each other and moderately wide set. When viewed from the side - with moderately pronounced angles of the knee and hock joints. Posterior hind limbs not set aside.
Hips: Broad, muscular, moderately long.
Knee joints: Well defined.
Shin: Broad, muscular, moderately long.
Hock joints: Broad and dry, fairly well defined, strong, not turned in or out.
Metatarsus (tailstock): not long, massive, almost straight when viewed from the front and side.
Feet: Large, rounded, arched, in a lump.
Free, elastic, leisurely movement with a strong push of the hind limbs. Good coordination of all joints and good coordination.
A characteristic gait is lynx.
The withers and croup are located at the same level, the top line is in relative peace during movement.
Thick, quite elastic, without wrinkles or wrinkles.
Hair: straight, coarse, not snug, with well-developed undercoat.
The length of the outer hair and undercoat is at least 5 cm. On the head and front sides of the limbs, the hair is shorter and denser. The tail is covered with thick hair on all sides and looks thick and fluffy.
With elongated spinal hair, “tassels” form on the ears, “mane” on the neck, “tows” and “pants” on the back of the limbs.
Color: any solid, piebald and spotty. Except for solid black, weakened black or black in any combination, or genetically blue or liver brown.
GROWTH AND WEIGHT OF CAUCASIAN SHEPHERDS
Height at the withers of the Caucasian Shepherd:
Males: Desired height 72 - 75 cm
Lower limit: 68 cm.
Bitches: Desirable height 67 - 70 cm
The lower limit is 64 cm.
Larger growth with proportional addition is not a disadvantage.
Caucasian Shepherd Weight:
Males: Minimum: 50 kg
Bitches: minimum: 45 kg.
Any deviation from the above points should be considered a flaw, and the seriousness with which the flaw should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree of severity and impact on the health and well-being of the dog.
- Too light or too rough addition
- Insecure behavior
- Deviations from sexual dimorphism
- The head is disproportionately small in relation to the body; light; narrow; elongated; crude; heavy; or round head
- A pronounced transition
- Muzzle: lowered upturned or narrow
- Teeth are too small, sparse, incisors not put in one ruler any deviation from the dental formula (except for the absence of PM1s)
- Not sufficiently pronounced cheekbones
- The eyes are large, convex, very bright, an indecisive look drooping eyelids
- Ears are large, thin, or set too low.
- A sagging or hunchbacked back is long, sagging or convex lower back of the croup above the withers
- The square body is too short, too long, narrow in the front and back, too long-legged chest, flat or small croup, short or beveled
- Short tail.
- Weak bones, muscles and ligaments of the joints
- Insufficiently correct angles
- Curvature of the forearm
- unbalanced movements
- Lack of push of the hind limbs.
- The coat is very soft - curly has a very short outer hair, lack of undercoat
- Aggressive or overly cowardly dog
- Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities must be disqualified.
- Any deviations from the standard bite
- Incomplete dental formula (absence of any tooth, except for the third molars (M3), or the first premolars (PM1s)
- Uneven eye color, blue or green eyes, eyes of different colors
- Docked tail
- Continuous stimulation or inability to evaluate movements
- Black color in any variation is continuous, weakened piebald, spotted or black-headed (except for the mask)
- Genetic blue color in any variations or shades
- Bluish-gray pigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids
- Genetic brown color in any variation or shade
- Genetic brown nose, lips and eyelids
- Black and tan, blue or brown dogs
- Growth below minimum
- Severe deviations of signs of sexual dimorphism in males
N.B .: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.